Chloroform mask (3b)

Masken Munchen 1

"SCHIMMELBUSCH- masks. Simple construction (around 1890) with bracket, frame and handle made of chromium suitable for an aseptic process, was covered with any desired size coating. For use with ether, an impermeable fabric was additionally pulled over the fine wire mesh.

Decisive are the foldable, collapsible facial tent and the gutter.

The Schimmelbusch masks were the first to be equipped with a gutter to absorb the excess active ingredients. The frame of the mask can be sterilized and thus meets the requirements of aseptic "(Anesthesia Museum, Bochum).

This mask was originally designed by Dr Curt Theodor Schimmelbusch (1860-1895) in 1890 to administer ether (or chloroform) to anesthesia patients undergoing surgery Schimmelbusch attempted to improve his original anesthetic mask design in 1895, but it was not a success; The mask is designed to fit the contours of a person's face 10 to 12 layers of Gamgee gauze (a surgical dressing invented by Joseph Sampson Gamgee of Birmingham, England, 1880, of a thick layer of absorbent cotton wool between two layers of absorbent gauze) applied over it and clamped in place during This frame keeps the patient away from the patient to make it more comfortable and acceptable for the patient Ronald Lo, The Schimmelbusch mask, in: Hong Kong Med J 2014, Dec; 20 (6): 560-1).

2 different Schimmelbusch masks, acquired at a flea market in the Olympiapark / Munich 9/2018